Black groups drag FDA into lawsuit over menthol cigarettes
More than 90 percent of Black smokers prefer menthols
Antonio Ray Harvey California Black Media | 7/9/2020, midnight
• Requiring smokeless tobacco product warning labels
• Ensuring “modified risk” claims are supported by scientific evidence
• Requiring disclosure of ingredients in tobacco products
• Preserving state, local, and tribal authority
Pollock Cohen law firm’s Christopher Leung, an attorney representing AATCLC and ASH, said he hopes the lawsuit “saves tens of thousands lives” and that it would correct “a terrible wrong perpetrated against the Black community.”
“Over 10 years ago, U.S. Congress directed the FDA and the Department of Health to quickly address the harm caused by menthol cigarettes,” said Leung, who specializes in public-interest litigations. “In that time the FDA and the Department of Health have done nothing. Our lawsuit compels these agencies to do what congress directed them to do.”
Tobaccofreekids.org has reported that 45,000 African-Americans die each year from a smoking-related disease.
African-American and Latino smokers—76.8 percent of whom smoke menthol cigarettes—likely prefer brands with menthol because the tobacco industry markets those products to young people and Black people, according to the FDA’s “Preliminary Scientific Evaluation of the Possible Public Health Effects of Menthol Versus Nonmenthol Cigarettes” study of 2013.
Several studies have documented how major tobacco companies have target-marketed menthol cigarettes to African-Americans, beginning in the 1950s.
“By continuing to delay, the FDA and the U.S. government are failing to protect the health of U.S. Citizens, particularly, African-Americans,” Kelsey Romeo-Stuppy, ASH’s managing attorney said during the virtual press conference. “The U.S. is also falling behind the global trend as countries around the world are increasingly banning menthol.”
Some African-American leaders, including the Rev. Al Sharpton, have cautioned that making menthol cigarettes illegal will only create room for an underground market, which could expose Blacks to more criminal convictions and increase law enforcement surveillance - particularly in neighborhoods where there are more cases of police use of excessive force. Sharpton opposed a ban on menthol cigarettes in New York City last year that did not pass.
Menthol has been laced in tobacco products for almost 100 years. It is a substance naturally found in mint plants such as peppermint and spearmint, according to smokefree.gov. A synthetic version of the compound can also be manufactured.
Smokefree.gov is a website operated by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) under the direction of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Smokefree.gov’s main objective is to assist efforts to reduce smoking rates in the United States, significantly among (certain) populations.
AATCLC educates the African-American community about tobacco use and cessation, partners with community stakeholders, and public health agencies to inform and affect the direction of tobacco policy, practices, and priorities, as it affects the lives of Black people.
Founded in 1967 and based in Washington, D.C., ASH is the country’s oldest anti-tobacco organization, dedicated to reducing tobacco-related deaths down to zero. ASH does not attack smokers. Its vision is to combat tobacco.
AATCLC and ASH are non-profit entities. The Public Health Law Center, an organization that collaborates with other groups to reduce and eliminate the use of tobacco, supports AATCLC and ASH’s lawsuit.
“This landmark litigation is the culmination of a decade of pioneering work by the health champions of the African-American Tobacco Control Leadership and other Black-led organizations,” Doug Blanke, the executive director of Public Health Law Center, said in a written statement. “It has the potential to reverse the leading cause of death in the Black community.”