The Poverty Industrial Complex is well established since its early years in the 1960s.
Lately, it seems that it is on "steroids" with the increased number of persons going on welfare, unemployment, Social Security disability, etc. This is all federal and there are state components that complement these. Food stamps have more than doubled to more than 47 million Americans receiving them. A lot of this is because the program is more liberal in its use. People can easily buy liquor, cigarettes and other items with their food stamp card now. (If they receive cash and food stamps).
Back in the 1960s, the federal government was sincere in finding ways to address America's discriminatory economic system. Under President Richard Nixon, the Section 3 of the HUD Act was implemented. This is also known as The Economic Opportunities for Low and Very-Low Income Persons, or 24 CFR part 135, which was implemented by former HUD Secretary George Romney in 1968.
It was a response to urban unrest in Black communities, especially the Watts Riot of 1965. The program was strengthened by Secretary Jack Kemp in 1992 as a result of the riot in Los Angeles after Rodney King. Under the law 30 percent of all jobs created by HUD money were to go to people living in public housing or living under the poverty level (Section 3 workers). Also, 10 percent of all contracts were go to firms hiring those Section 3 workers. Section 3 activity is broad. Waste removal, painting, landscaping, accounting, janitorial, day care, construction and secretarial are some of the activities that can be applied to Section 3 opportunities. There are billions of dollars that apply to the Section 3 requirement annually. The goal is to use HUD funding to bring people into the work force and out of poverty. If properly applied the need for HUD activity in our cities would start diminishing year by year.
In 1998, the National Black Chamber of Commerce learned that only four HUD grantees out of nearly 6,000 were complying with Section 3. Also, each grantee is to comply with annual activity reporting. More than 90 percent of these grantees were not even submitting their annual report. To the benefit of the current administration, the majority of grantees now take the time to submit an annual report.
However, there are still no more than four grantees actually in compliance with Section 3. If the vast majority of grantees would comply, this nation would have more than 100,000 new jobs for the unemployed per year and approximately $5 billion in contracts for new or small business owners.
It was discovered during a three-year review (2008-2010) by HUD that the Chicago Housing Authority received more than $1 billion in HUD funding. Not once during those three years did CHA hire a Section 3 company or utilize a Section 3 resident. This is happening all over the nation. There is a lot of economic damage done via this noncompliance and HUD knows it--that is the tragedy.