U.S.-style diversity has gone global
Beyond the Rhetoric
We have come a long way in diversity management. This is really a fancy name for Affirmative Action, which was introduced by my mentor, Arthur A. Fletcher, under the Nixon Administration.
Jim Crow (legislated discrimination) seems so long ago. Actually, it has been only two generations since the very bad days. Let’s take a look at this successful venture.
Jim Crow laws and practices were implemented soon after the end of the Civil War. Blacks were second-class citizens and in many places so were Hispanics. Our Jim Crow system was so bad that when South Africa created their apartheid system they used American Jim Crow as the model.
Restaurants, hotels, jobs, parks, state fairs, movie theaters and many other public facilities were separated by White and Black.
In some southern states, Wednesday was the designated “Colored Day.” Blacks were forbidden to attend many events on the other six days. My father-in-law, Charles DeBow Jr., was one of the first four Tuskegee Airmen. He flew a P-38 dive bomber. He flew sorties in North Africa, Italy, France and Germany, flying an outrageous number of missions. When he returned to Indianapolis wearing his captain bars and golden wings he was denied entry into the bus station and had to stand out in the rain as he waited for his parents to pick him up. Later, he would receive the same treatment trying to check into hotels.
America was ugly, but things would soon change. Veterans were eligible for the GI Bill of Rights as World War II ended. All veterans, regardless of race, were entitled to college funding, a home mortgage and other benefits. My father-in-law went to Indiana University. They could not deny him entry, but he could not stay in a campus dorm. He and other Black veterans stayed off campus in trailers.
Soon a rising class of Black college graduates and homeowners would evolve. This was the first step to economic empowerment for Blacks, but still Jim Crow was formally in place. Then, one day in Montgomery, Ala., a lady by the name of Rosa Parks decided she wasn’t going to take Jim Crow any longer. Her defiance ignited mass strikes and demonstrations. A young preacher from Montgomery by the name of Martin Luther King decided it was time to change it forever.
This gave birth to the Civil Rights Movement. The movement was successful. It culminated in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This brought Blacks and others into the Constitution of the United States in a real sense. Shortly thereafter the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed.
This gave Blacks political clout and served notice on elected officials that things must change or their political careers will be shortened. These two laws would kill Jim Crow once and for all.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act was the beginning of enforcement. It dealt with hiring, training and promotion. No business could discriminate in these areas and the U.S. Department of Labor would police it through the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs. Black faces began to be seen in workplaces at a rapid rate. The perfect model would come from the military. There are so many field grade officers of color working in the Pentagon that it is almost impossible to take a look down any hall and not see a Black officer. I owe my college education and professional career to the Civil Rights Movement and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.
Title VII of the Civil Rights act states that if you are doing business with the federal government or benefiting from a federal program you cannot discriminate in your business practices.
Entrepreneurship in the Black community is the fastest growing segment of American small business thanks to this law.
Title IX emulated Title VII from a female perspective and increased female participation immensely. The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs monitors this also. It also created women college sports programs.
We have had two generations under these laws and it has been truly a success in a collective sense. It has become the envy of many nations. Thus, our major corporations that do business globally have taken the practices to other nations and these nations have greeted them warmly. A diversity management officer usually holds the rank of vice president and reports directly to the president/CEO of the corporation. This officer is constantly looking for good minority and female talent and makes sure there is representation from top to bottom—including the board of directors.
Corporations such as Xerox, Johnson & Johnson and AT&T are fine examples of good diversity management. Perhaps the best French example is the company Sodexo. There is complete saturation of diversity among its 414,000 employees. Yes, we are off to a great start, but remember it is still a “work in progress.”
Alford is the president/CEO of the National Black Chamber of Commerce. Website: www.nationalbcc.org. Email: email@example.com.
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The congressional hearings on May 8 may become the beginning of the end for Hillary Rodham Clinton.
Three credible eyewitnesses of the Benghazi consulate assault last Sept. 11, 2012, finally got to give their accounting of it. They had been kept from the FBI, all committees of Congress—Senate and House, media and anyone else in the world. It was through the Whistleblower Program that they came to tell the real story.
“Oh what a tangled web we weave ….”
The Affordable Care Act, aka Obamacare, is starting to rear its ugly head. Many of us think the concept is dangerous and costly. What is evolving is that it is the worst thing to ever happen to the U.S. economy. Right now this is clear: the federal government has taken over our healthcare industry. It has taken it over without any expertise or clear strategy. Almost daily new horrors are popping up. My brothers and sisters we are about to emulate Sweden and Canada. Socialized medicine is coming to America.
Let me first say that I believe a woman should have the right to an abortion. It is the law, and each person has his or her own decision to make. However, since the court decision, Roe v. Wade, the amount of abortions in this nation have been on a steady rise. Black abortions are now at an epidemic rate, and a lot of God’s children are being snuffed out without a chance of life.
All cities have street gangs. Some can be violent and others can be criminal organizations. Los Angeles, without a doubt, is the world hub of ethnic street gangs. Blacks have the Bloods, Crips and Pirus while Asian Americans have the Asian Boyz, Fullerton Boys, Kkangpae, Menace of Destruction, and Satanas.
Chinese have the Four Seas, United Bamboo Gang, Wah Ching and White Dragon while Whites have Armenian Power, Aryan Brotherhood, Hells Angels MC, Nazi Low Riders and Public Enemy No. 1.
This is the beginning of a series of articles about street gangs in our nation. Gone are the days back in the 1960s and before when gangs were social organizations and were geographically linked. Beginning in the 1970s, these street gangs evolved into criminal organizations. They are the generators of murder, drugs, robbery, etc. No longer are they cool or cute. They are pure savages craving fast money and a fast lifestyle. This week let’s take a look at Detroit.
One of the earliest gangs was the Errol Flynns. They took the name from the Caucasian movie star.